These are teachers, innovators, and mentors. This website is a tool for facilitating and communicating their work.

REFERENCES and RESOURCES:

I love these people. If you are reading this, it is my goal to meet you someday!

  • I have to start with this mother's love for her daughter. Her courage inspired me to focus on solutions that stop these predictable injuries: 
  • Allonas, J. 1878 US Patent No. 205716, Spark-Arrester (July 9, 1878). 
  • Rudolph J. Anschicks, Filling and Venting Device, U.S. Patent 1,814,656, Assignor to Protectoseal Company of America, July 14, 1931.
  • NFPA 921, "Guide for Fire and Explosion Investigations", is a National Fire Code published by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), 1992 to present.
  • Henry A. Pohs, The Miner’s Flame Light Book: The Story of Man’s Development of Underground Light, 1995.
  • Grossel, Stanley, Detonation & Deflagration Flame Arresters 2002
  • OSHA Interpretation, January 29, 2004.  https://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=INTERPRETATIONS&p_id=2490.
  • Hasselbring. L.C., "Case study: Flame arresters and exploding gasoline containers", Journal of Hazardous Materials, 130 (2006) 64-68.
  • Stevick, G.R., Rondinone, D., Sagle, A., and J. Zicherman “Fire Incidents and Explosions Involving Portable Plastic Gasoline Containers and Their Prevention”, J. Failure Analysis and Prevention, Aug 2011.
  • CPSC Staff Briefing Package on Firepots and Gel Fuel, December 7, 2011.
  • “Evaluation of Firepots and Gel Fuels,” by Nathan D. Marsh, Fire Research Division Engineering Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology, March 2013.
  • NFPA- Flammable & Combustible Code Committee. Minutes June 6, 2013.
  • Stevick, GS, D. Rondinone, A. Sagle, Flame Arrestors for Gelled Alcohol Containers, 
  • SFES Yosemite Seminar April 4, 2014.
  • Minister, Andrew, Unsafe Science, NFPA Journal  Sept/Oct 2015.
  • CSB "Key Lessons for Preventing Incidents from Flammable Chemicals in Educational Demonstrations, October 30, 2015. 
  • Kulinowski, Karen, PhD, Statement From Board Member, November 3, 2015.
  • F. Neubrech, L. Keifer, VJ Schmidt, AK Bigdelli, JF Hernekamp, T. Kremer, U. Kneser, CA Radu "Domestic Bioethanol-Fireplaces-A New Source of Severe Burn Accidents" October 27, 2015. Burns Feb, 2016.
  • Kill The Flashover Research Project by Joe Starnes 2015- www.killtheflashover.com
  • Modern Fire Behavior- www.modernfirebehavior.com & www.flowpathmanagement.com
  • Flow Path Management - Adam St. John- ATF Fire Research & Gladys Falkenham- Firefighter's Wife.  www.youtube.com/watch?v=QVtlfUD7sqA

I struggle to keep this updated, as so much more information needs to be added. Check back often to learn more.

Flame arrestors, the technical science term is DDA's, are deflagration and detonation arrestors. They have been used effectively for over 200 years.

  • The Science is proven: Barrier protection prevents burns

  • The facts are known: DDA'S are required in many industrial and commercial applications

  • The risk is real: There are over a hundred examples of severe burn injuries that made the news, there are many more that do not make the news, do not specialized burn care, or are not reported

  • The time is now: We need to raise awareness and stop these tragic occurrences

  • We can work together: To offer consumers a safer choice of bottles and cans with flame arresters or flame mitigating devices, in open neck containers